Codes of Practice. Getting Started.
How to prevent home fires
Taking Care of Business. Workplace Transport Safety Load Securing. Accidents and Behaviour Bullying at Work. Strategy in Workplace Health Workplace Stress. Home Topics Fire Fire Prevention. Back to top Heat Heat can be generated by work processes and is an essential part of some processes such as cooking. Back to top Heat Safeguards Ensure employees are aware of their responsibility to report dangers Control sources of ignition Have chimneys inspected and cleaned regularly Treat independent building uses, such as an office over a shop as separate purpose groups and therefore compartmentalise from each other Ensure cooking food is always attended Use the Electricity Supply Board's Safety webpage Have regard to relevant Authority Safety Alerts , e.
Ensure all work equipment protects against catching fire or overheating Ensure proper housekeeping, such as preventing ventilation points on machinery becoming clogged with dust or other materials - causing overheating Have electrical equipment serviced regularly by a competent person to prevent sparks and fires Properly clean and maintain heat producing equipment such as burners, heat exchangers, boilers inspected and tested yearly , ovens, stoves, and fryers. Require storage of flammables away from this equipment. Use a planned maintenance programme to properly maintain plant and equipment.
Review your programme if you already have one. They should have emergency tip-over switches, and thermostatic limiting controls. Hot work is work that might generate sufficient heat, sparks or flame to cause a fire. Hot work includes welding, flame cutting, soldering, brazing, grinding and other equipment incorporating a flame, e.
Hot work can be very dangerous and stringent controls must be in place. Identify all hot work Only allow hot work if no satisfactory alternative Ensure relevant contractors are aware of hot work procedures and controls Use a hot work permit system including fire-resistant protective clothing clear responsibility logging and audit processes routine checking and supervision item to be worked on removed to safe area remove or protect combustible or flammable materials prevent, suppress and control sparks prevent, suppress and control heat provision of and training on suitable fire-fighting equipment provision of a separate person to fire-watch and use fire-fighting equipment — the fire watcher particular precautions for special risks, e.
If you require an outlet in an area where there is none, have one installed by a qualified electrician. Use extension cords safety - not under carpets or across walking areas Use only one device per outlet Back to top Arson Deliberately started fires pose very significant risks to all types of workplace. Note that the highly flammable liquid threshold is 10 tonnes, while Hydrogen and Acetylene are both at 5 tonnes. Back to top Flammable materials Identify all flammable materials so that proper controls can be put in place Identify use of substances with flammable vapours e.
They should be fire-resisting with a fire door if they open onto a corridor or stairway escape route Catering and hospitality premises — see relevant sections of Safe Hospitality , e. Vapours evolved are usually heavier than air and can travel long distances, so are more likely to reach a source of ignition.
Liquid leaks and dangerous vapours can arise from faulty storage bulk and containers , plant and process - design, installation, maintenance or use. Ignition of the vapours from flammable liquids remains a possibility until the concentration of the vapour in the air has reduced to a level which will not support combustion. The quantity of flammable liquids in workrooms should be kept to a minimum, normally no more than a half-day's or half a shifts supply Flammable liquids, including empty or part-used containers, should be stored safely.
Small quantities Tens of Litres of flammable liquids can be stored in the workroom if in closed containers in a fire-resisting e. Where a connection in such a system is frequently uncoupled and remade, a sealed-end coupling device should be used Flammable liquids should not be decanted within the store. Decanting should take place in a well-ventilated area set aside for this purpose, with appropriate facilities to contain and clear up any spillage Container lids should always be replaced after use, and no container should ever be opened in such a way that it cannot be safely resealed Flammable liquids should be stored and handled in well ventilated conditions.
Where necessary, additional properly designed exhaust ventilation should be provided to reduce the level of vapour concentration in the air Containers for Flammable Liquid Storage containers should be kept covered and proprietary safety containers with self-closing lids should be used for dispensing and applying small quantities of flammable liquids There should be no potential ignition sources in areas where flammable liquids are used or stored and flammable concentrations of vapour may be present at any time. Any electrical equipment used in these areas, including fire alarm and emergency lighting systems, needs to be suitable for use in flammable atmospheres Petrol Stations — see Wetstock Inventory Control for Petrol Stations at www.
- Residential Fire Prevention and Safety Guide!
- Minimize Your Risks!
- Public education - NFPA.
A number of serious fires in the UK started or spread because of the use plastic IBCs for combustible liquids. A characteristic of these fires was the rapid release of liquid from IBCs, inadequacy of bunding and damage caused as a result of the unconfined flow of burning liquid.
You should also protect such areas against entry by unauthorised people If the workplace has waste or derelict land nearby, you should keep any undergrowth under control so that a fire cannot spread through dry grass, for example There should be no potential ignition sources in areas where flammable liquids are used or stored and flammable concentrations of vapour may be present at any time. A safety data sheet should be provided with any hazardous chemical and includes useful information. Section 2 gives details on the hazards of the chemical and the potential effects and symptoms resulting from use.
The information in this section must be consistent with the information on the label. Section 5 gives specific information on fighting a fire caused by the chemical, including the most suitable extinguishing media and protective equipment.
Section 7 contains details on how to handle and store the chemical safely. Section 10 contains details of any hazardous reactions that may occur if the chemical is used under certain conditions. Section 14 contains information relating to the transportation of the chemical. Section 16 gives any other information relevant to the chemical e.
Emergency Escape and Fire Fighting. Ensure employees are aware of their responsibility to report dangers Control sources of ignition Have chimneys inspected and cleaned regularly Treat independent building uses, such as an office over a shop as separate purpose groups and therefore compartmentalise from each other Ensure cooking food is always attended Use the Electricity Supply Board's Safety webpage Have regard to relevant Authority Safety Alerts , e. Provide no-smoking signs at appropriate locations Ensure smoking area s are away from flammable materials Arrange for cigarettes and matches to be disposed of safely and away from other combustible rubbish.
Check electrical equipment and remove defective equipment Ensure electrical cords are in good condition Plug appliances and lights into separate electrical outlets Avoid using extension cords. Use extension cords safety - not under carpets or across walking areas Use only one device per outlet.
Flammable liquids can present a significant risk of fire. Metal Storage for Flammable Chemicals to EN Larger quantities should be stored in a properly designated store, either in the open air on well ventilated, impervious ground, away from ignition sources or in a suitably constructed storeroom Where large quantities of flammable liquids are used they should, where possible, be conveyed by piping them through a closed system.
Where a connection in such a system is frequently uncoupled and remade, a sealed-end coupling device should be used. Containers for Flammable Liquid Storage containers should be kept covered and proprietary safety containers with self-closing lids should be used for dispensing and applying small quantities of flammable liquids. Avoid accumulations of combustible rubbish and waste and remove at least daily and store away from the building Never store flammable or combustible rubbish, even temporarily, in escape routes, or where it can contact potential sources of heat Position skips so that a fire will not put any structure at risk Clean cooking surfaces on a regular basis to prevent grease build-up.
Keep on hand on the wall to prevent disorientation and crawl to the nearest exit. Once away and clear from danger, call your report contact and inform them of the fire.
Go to your refuge area and await further instructions from emergency personnel. Note: Resident staff will not go into every room to search for individuals. Make sure that all electrical appliances and cords are in good condition and UL approved. Do not overload electrical outlets. Use surge protected multi-outlet power strips and extension cords when necessary. Never store flammable materials in your room or apartment.
Do not tamper with any fire system equipment such as smoke detectors, pull stations or fire extinguishers. Doing so is a criminal offense.
Fire Prevention and Preparedness
Raising a false alarm is a criminal offense. It endangers the lives of the occupants and emergency personnel. DO treat every fire alarm as an emergency. If the alarm sounds, exit the building immediately. Keep the door closed and await assistance from the fire department.
Emergency and Fire Safety Preparedness
If smoke is entering under or around the door, stuff damp sheets or blankets in the spaces to help keep smoke out. If possible, open a window and waive or hang a brightly colored towel or garment to notify rescue personnel of your location. DO close the doors behind you if it is safe to leave your room.