Transported to heaven, he consults his ancestors on which goddess he should choose, but eventually selects Constancy of his own volition. Scipione wishes to leave the mortal world and remain in Heaven, but Publio tells him that it is not yet time. Like an oak tree growing strong against winds and winter, Scipione must go through many trials to strengthen him before he is ready for heavenly life.
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La finta giardiniera , K The feigned gardener , a three-act opera buffa to a libretto by Giuseppe Petrosellini, was commissioned in for the carnival season at Munich. It was later adapted as a Singspiel in German, with spoken dialogue. A comedy of errors and misunderstandings leading to a triple marriage, it is a work of bucolic simplicity for the most part. Il re pastore , K The Shepherd King is not a full-length opera but a two-act drama to a libretto adapted from one that Metastasio had based upon a 16th-century play by Torquato Tasso.
The work had been commissioned to celebrate the fact that a son of the Empress Maria Theresa was visiting Salzburg. In it, Alexander the Great restores the rule of Sidon to its rightful king, Aminta, who has been living as a shepherd and would prefer to remain one.
He has decided to leave Sidon now that Aminta has assumed the kingship, and also to wed Tamyris to Aminta. Believing he has thus made everyone happy, he sings that as long as he leaves peace and happiness behind him, he has fulfilled all his wishes.
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His joy turns to consternation, however, when Idomeneo runs away from him. Now, saved indeed, he imagines how the ghost of the sacrificed person will haunt him for his entire life. The one that we know as Don Giovanni , K was in fact originally performed as Il dissoluto punito The libertine punished. Responding with alacrity, Mozart produced his archetypal study of hubris and its punishment. True or not, da Ponte made of this suggestion a wonderfully rich and humane comedy. French and Italian music, , Ann Arbour On the contrary, Italian music never disappeared from the French stage.
Jean Donneau de Vise, a man of letters who founded the monthly Mercure Calant in , was among the first publishers ofItalian airs in Paris. Between and he published in his journal six Italian airs, some of which were extracts from contemporary Venetian operas. Charpentier's Medie of introduces an Italian character singing the air "Chi teme d'amore" at the end of the second act;ll in Collasse's Astree of we find three Italian airs; Campra's L'Europe galante of introduces for the first time in France a devise-aria, the well-known "Ad un cuore tutto geloso". From to Christophe Ballard published five volumes of Recueil des meilleurs airs italiens, that contain III airs on Italian texts, most of which were written by Italian authors.
Paolo Lorenzani, Motets aI, 2, 3, 4 et 5 parties, avec symphonies et bam continue, Paris Paolo Lorenzani, Airs italiens, Paris Charpentier, N.
In appeared the first volume of the Recueil d'airs serieux et a boire. Despite the concept of gouts reunis being mostly related to instrumental music, it is nevertheless possible to find a similar concept in the preface ofJean-Baptiste Stuck's first book of French cantatas, published in The volume is dedicated to the duke Philippe d'Orleans, a renowned patron of Italian music in France during the first two decades of 18 th century.
Stuck declares that the Duke's inclination towards Italian music encouraged him "to mingle the taste of Italian music with French words. In the prologue, Italy and France, after a dispute in the style of the querelles, decide to combine the "harmonious sounds that surprise the ear and the spirit" and the "sweet and tender charme against which the heart is defenceless". In the following years it was performed separately as a divertissement at the Concert Spirituel , with the title L'union de la musique italienne et franr;,aise.
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Each book of the collection contains about pages and is made up of four sections: Winter, Spring, Summer, Autumn. Inside each section appear, in order, Musique latine motets on Latin texts , Musique jranr;,aise airs and drinking songs on French texts and Musique italienne Italian airs. From to the books are complete, while for only the Winter section is extant. Paris , pp. IS For the complete text of the prologue see Appendix I.
According to his biographers, he came to Paris in , and also spent some years abroad, travelling in Italy, probably in Rome, between and , and between It is not a coincidence that he published his first Italian airs in Ch, Ballard's Recueil d'Airs serieux et a boire of ,18 and the others, cited above, in the Melanges, from He was not the only French musician who published Italian airs in the Melanges.
An Italian air by a female composer, Mlle Guedon de Preles, appeared in the volume of This source seems to be the first one revealing the first name of the composer, Anne, as hitherto she was indicated simply as Mademoiselle. In the Melanges she also published 39 French airs and 2 motets. Of course, admiration of foreign musical cultures was not expressed in only one way: it is interesting to mention the case of the Venetian composer Giuseppe Fedeli.
He represents a specimen of synthesis between French and Italian musical languages. He was the son of the better-known composer Carlo Fedeli, and arrived in Paris around From he published three books of Airs franfais dans le gout italien, some of which are contained also in the Melanges. Their Italian airs are interspersed in the 8 books. Most of the Italian airs are opera excerpts, even if the source never gives indications about the provenance of the music.
Italian opera seria was never represented in Paris on the stage of the Academie Royale de Musique after the second half of the 17 th century. Hence, it was not difficult to hear concerts of Italian music all over Paris. Towards , and over the following years, the Duke and Crozat made some attempts to invite to Paris Italian composers and singers from the Royal Academy in London. As discussed by Lowell Lindgren,24 in June Bononcini travelled to Paris, but last-minute financial problems prevented singers of the Royal Academy from going with him, except the contralto Anastasia Robinson.
She came with the composer, and gave some recitals in private concerts. LVIII , pp.
La clemenza di Tito libretto (Italian/English) - opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
See pp. One air from Muzio Scevola, "Un mono, un lampo", was published in The group of Italian performers sang in Chantilly - in the palace of the Duke of Bourbon - and in Crozat's houses, probably introducing a repertoire of opera excerpts, among which there were probably airs from Handel's Giulio Cesare and Ottone. At present, I am still unable to identify the provenance of the latter see figure. Handel, "Per delitto di donna incostante" in: Melanges de musique latine, franfaise et italienne, volume of , pp. The former, Si t'amo 0 caro, is an excerpt from Handel's Teseo of , It is interesting to notice that the Parisian print preceded by five years the Walsh edition of The favourite songs in the opera call'd Thessus and Amadis of , in which the air is included.
Steffani's vocal music, mostly the famous chamber duets, had already appeared in French editions between and , in the Recueil d'airs serieux et aboire de differents auteurs and in the Recueil des meilleurs airs italiens. First Scarlatti improved its style. His thirty-sixth opera, William Tell, was his last at the age of 37, for reasons which have never been clear, he stopped composing, writing only his Stabat Mater and a setting of the Mass in later life. He was something of a gourmet and invented the steak dish Tournedos Rossini.
He was born on February 29th and died on Friday 13th. You can view Presto's hand-picked selection of favourite Rossini recordings here. Katherine talks to the Russian soprano and Italian mezzo who star as mother and estranged son on Sir Mark Elder's new, uncut recording of Rossini's great opera seria. Gioacchino Antonio Rossini Composer.
Le nozze di Figaro, K.492 (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus)
Further Reading: Rossini. Browse all further reading about Rossini. Dagli affanni oppressa from Otello 3 Ah! Matilde, Io t'amo from Guglielmo Tell 3 Ah! E chi non ama? Vacilla a quegli accenti!